Friday, February 8, 2008

Roman Mythology

Before I start I want everyone to know that these are a lot the same. with different names. If you look closely you should be able to see the differences.

Apollo
Apollo is the son of Jupiter and Leto, and the twin brother of Diana . He is the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The god of light. The god of truth, who can not speak a lie. One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses an drive the Sun across the sky. He is famous for his oracle at Delphi. People traveled to it from all over the Greek world to divine the future. His tree was the laurel. The crow his bird. The dolphin his animal.

Ceres
Corn Goddess. Eternal Mother. the Sorrowing Mother. Grain Mother. Goddess of agriculture, grain, crops, initiation, civilization, lawgiver and the love a mother bears for her child. Protectress of women, motherhood, marriage. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. She and her daughter Proserpine were the counterparts of the Greek goddesses Demeter and Persephone. Her worship involved fertility rites and rites for the dead, and her chief festival was the Cerealia.

Diana
Fertility Goddess. Moon Goddess. Huntress Goddess. Triple Goddess- Lunar Virgin, Mother of Creatures, the Huntress or Destroyer. Goddess of nature, fertility, childbirth, wildwood, moon, forests, animals, mountains, woods, and women. Goddess of the hunt. In Roman art Diana usually appears as a huntress with bow and arrow, along with a hunting dog or a stag. Both a virgin goddess and an earth goddess, she was identified with the Greek Artemis. She is praised for her strength, athletic grace, beauty and her hunting skills. With two other deities she made up a trinity: Egeria the water nymph (her servant and assistant midwife), and Virbius (the woodland god).

Juno
Queen of the Gods. Jupiters wife and sister, sister to Neptune and Pluto, daughter of Saturn, mother of Juventas, Mars, and Vulcan. Protectress of the Roman state. She was the guardian of the Empire's finances and considered the Matron Goddess of all Rome. The Matronalia, her major festival is March 1-2. Her other festival, on July 7-8, was called Nonae Caprotinae ("The Nones of the Wild Fig"). The month of June was named after her.

Jupiter
Ruler of the Gods. He is the god of Sky, Lightning and Thunder. He is the son of Saturn and brother of Neptune, Pluto and Juno, who is also his wife. His attribute is the lightning bolt and his symbol the eagle, who is also his messenger. He was also considered the Patron god of Rome, and his temple was the official place of state business and sacrifices.

Mars
God of war, spring, growth in nature, agriculture, terror, anger, revenge, courage and fertility. Protector of cattle. The son of Jupiter and Juno, he was the god of war. Mars was regarded as the father of the Roman people because he was the father of Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, and husband to Bellona. He was the most prominent of the military gods that were worshipped by the Roman legions. The martial Romans considered him second in importance only to Jupiter. His festivals were held in March (named for him) and October.

Mercury
God of Trade, Profit, Merchants and Travellers. His main festival, the Mercuralia, was celebrated on May 15 and on this day the merchants sprinkled their heads and their merchandise with water from his well near the Porta Capena. The symbols of Mercury are the caduceus (a staff with two intertwined snakes) and a purse (a symbol of his connection with commerce).

Minerva
Goddess of Wisdom, Learning, the Arts, Sciences, Medicine, Dyeing, Trade, and of War. Daughter of Jupiter, protectress of commerce, industry and education. Honored at the spring equinox with her main festival, March 19 - 23, called the Quinquatria. On June 13 the minor Quinquatrus was observed.

Neptune
God of the Sea. Brother of Jupiter, Pluto and Juno. The God and patron of Horses and Horse Racing as Neptune Equester. Neptunalia was celebrated on July 23. The trident is Neptune's attribute.

Venus
Originally a Goddess of Gardens and Vinyards, Venus became the major deity of love and beauty after the influx of Greek deities. On August 18 the Vinalia Rustica was observed. A second festival, that of the Veneralia, was celebrated on April 1 in honor of Venus Verticordia, who later became the protector against vice. On April 23 a festival, the Vinalia Priora, celebrated the opening of one of her temples.

Vesta
Goddess of the Fire (both sacred and domestic) and the Hearth. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. Her sacred animal was the ass. Patroness of bakers. Her chief festival was the Vestalia on June 7. One of the most worshipped of the Roman deities.

Vulcan
God of Fire, Blacksmiths and Craftsmanship. His forge is located beneath Mount Etna. It is here that he, together with his helpers, forges weapons for Gods and heroes. Closely associated with Bona Dea with whom he shared the Volcanalia, observed on August 23.


Well thats it and I hope you can see the differences. There are like 50 minor gods as well but I don't want to list them.

8 comments:

BIG GREEN GRINCH . said...

im glad that we only have one God because we would have lot of thing to do and our God loves us not like the other gods

Prudence said...

You and your cat have the same look.

I wasn't aware you were writing so much on here. I think you have satisfied the requirements for opinion pieces to pass the English course.

I wrote about The Ultimate Power in Grade 10 or 11 and got a 78 on it. The teacher didn't grade any higher. I used Bancroft's Theology. I don't think she checked for plagerism. lol

zorg said...

Yeah, Joseph, you and your cat do look alike.

All that mythology is really interesting, I would like to study it more but I don't know if my dad would like that.

Cathy said...

Prudence, I was thinking the same thing for Sarah on her blog. How do you count that? Do you grade it, or just say it's done? I am supposed to assign grades for things for which there are no tests. It's all so subjective that I have a hard time knowing what grade to give.

Prudence said...

I count it and say it is done. Grading is hard. He asks me spelling words rather than use the spell checker. He is working on observing the rules of good sentences and using good expression. The latest research may be copy and paste so I am going to work on a unit study where both kids are given the same series of excerpts and expect it to be written in their own words without the help of the computer. We'll do a group one first to get the mental juices flowing.

Joseph said...

Hey no more school work on this stuff. I always get that anything I like or anything I've read gets turned into a report about something. Not this time. I did that report a long time ago. I already know this request is most likely going to be denied. So I will say this "I hope school ends quicker for me".

BIG GREEN GRINCH . said...

how do you like my picture?

Joseph said...

right.
ok then. no.